1. Etusivu
  2. Forster, Edward Seymour
  3. Aristotle on Sophistical Refutations on Coming-To-Be and Passing-Away on the Cosmos

: Aristotle on Sophistical Refutations on Coming-To-Be and Passing-Away on the Cosmos

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Kuvaus (263 sanaa, lukemiseen kuluu n. minuutti)

Aristotle, great Greek philosopher, researcher, reasoner, and writer, born at Stagirus in 384 BCE, was the son of Nicomachus, a physician, and Phaestis. He studied under Plato at Athens and taught there (367 47); subsequently he spent three years at the court of a former pupil, Hermeias, in Asia Minor and at this time married Pythias, one of Hermeias s relations. After some time at Mitylene, in 343 2 he was appointed by King Philip of Macedon to be tutor of his teen-aged son Alexander. After Philip s death in 336, Aristotle became head of his own school (of Peripatetics ), the Lyceum at Athens. Because of anti-Macedonian feeling there after Alexander s death in 323, he withdrew to Chalcis in Euboea, where he died in 322. Nearly all the works Aristotle prepared for publication are lost; the priceless ones extant are lecture-materials, notes, and memoranda (some are spurious). They can be categorized as follows: I. Practical: 'Nicomachean Ethics'; 'Great Ethics' ('Magna Moralia'); 'Eudemian Ethics'; 'Politics'; 'Oeconomica' (on the good of the family); 'Virtues and Vices. ' II. Logical: 'Categories'; 'On Interpretation'; 'Analytics' ('Prior' and 'Posterior'); 'On Sophistical Refutations'; 'Topica. ' III. Physical: Twenty-six works (some suspect) including astronomy, generation and destruction, the senses, memory, sleep, dreams, life, facts about animals, etc. IV. 'Metaphysics' on being as being. V. On Art: 'Art of Rhetoric' and 'Poetics. ' VI. Other works including the 'Athenian Constitution'; more works also of doubtful authorship. VII. Fragments of various works such as dialogues on philosophy and literature; and of treatises on rhetoric, politics and metaphysics. The Loeb Classical Library(r) edition of Aristotle is in twenty-three volumes.


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